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Water Sources for Dar es Salaam Region residents are Ruvu juu, Ruvu Chini and Mtoni distribution plants. Others are underground sources being boreholes, shallow wells and deep wells. DAWASA ( Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority) plants have the capacity of supplying 60 Million gallons per day compared to the demand of 90 Million gallons per day (about 70 percent).


Shallow Wells


Shallow wells are a Major Source of water in most Peri-Urban areas. The Municipal Councils in collaboration with other stakeholders struggle to increase supply of clean water through shallow wells. There are about 104 shallow wells in Temeke District, 81 in Kinondoni District and 70 in Ilala District


Boreholes and Deep wells


There are 842 Boreholes and more than 36 deep wells in the region.
There is potential of untapped sources of water from Rufiji River and under ground sources that need an investment in research and development for the purpose of future utilization




Education is an activity sector that imparts to the residents (Pupils and adults) the necessary skills for the successful management of the other activity sectors. It takes an average of 18 years from pre-primary to University. All Municipal councils with other education stakeholders are committed to provide high quality education services. The service ranges from Pre-primary, Primary and Secondary education, and adult and vocational training.

University, Colleges, Institutes

There are about 16 higher learning Institutions (Universities, Colleges and Institutes) that providing tertiary education in Dar es Salaam region. These are namely Dar es Salaam University (UDSM), UCLAS, Muhimbili College of Health and Allied Sciences, Mzumbe University (Dar es Salaam Campus), Kairuki University, Open University of Tanzania, International Medical and Technological University (IMTU). Other Institutions are Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT), College of Business Education , Institute of Finance Management (IFM), Agakhan University , Tanzania Public Service College, School of Journalism and Marine Institute. All Universities, Colleges and Institutes enroll eligible students from all corners of the country and outside the country.


The Health sector in the region provides both preventive and curative services. The provision of curative services in done in Hospitals, Health Centres, Dispensaries, Mobile health Services and Referrals.


There are 389 Dispensaries in the region being 84 government owned and 305 privately owned


Health Centres


The region has 29 Health Centres being 5 government owned and 24 non-governmental.


Hospitals (District level)


There are 3 District Hospitals namely Temeke, Amana (Ilala) and Mwananyamala (Kinondoni) and other 2. There are also 23 private Hospitals.


Referral Hospitals

Muhimbili National Hospital is a national referral Hospital for Dar es Salaam residents although is the country Hospital.
There is no regional Hospital which is a referral from districts. There are undergoing arrangements to build the regional Hospital

VCT Centre -Mwananyamala Hospital
Environmental and Sanitation:


Solid and liquid waste management is meant to protect the health of urban population from risk of communicable diseases and promote general environmental quality and sustainability.The three Municipal Councils of Dar es Salaam region under the coordination of City Council are managing produced waste using various efforts. There is low collection level and disposal capacity which is attributed by lack of equipment, depreciated collecting equipment and trucks due to financial constraints facing the councils. In due course, efforts have been made by the councils to engage Community Based Organizations and private contractors to do the job. Strategy has enabled streets and roads to be clean. The city council has already developed the sanitary landfill at Pugu Kinyamwezi solid waste disposal dumping and destruction centre.


Fire and Rescue Services

his is one of the services that city council is obliged to provide as stipulated in section 69(a) of Local Government Act. No. 6 of 1999. Other fire service providers are Tanzania Harbours , Tanzania Airport Authority and Knight Support. The service is offered free of charge by the city fire and Rescue Brigade while the private sector forms such as Knight Support charge for the services. Due to rapid urbanization and the resulting city growth, city fire services are unable to cope with demand for fire and rescue.

Security Services available

Security services are public obligation under government mandate. Therefore is public good under government peace and tranquility system. Despite the government monopoly, there are private companies operating services to individuals, public and private offices. The security guard services are provided with cost. Therefore, this provides good assurance for investors in regard to their properties safety in the region.

Cultural and Entertainment Industry
The Major recreational and sports areas are many in the city premises. Some are located in school, institution and community organization premises. The young and aged attend discotheques during holidays. There are sports and recreation bodies in Municipal Authorities which coordinate cultural and entertainment activities. The activities ranges from theatre arts handcraft sign arts and sports bodies. There are several social halls where people enjoy music, social gatherings, wedding ceremonies and traditional dances. The social halls includes Makumbusho village, Millenium tower, Karibu Art Gallery, Mbezi garden, Blue Palm, City Ambassador, New Vijana Social Hall, Mango garden, New Msasani Club, FM Kinondoni, MK Grand Mwinyijuma, Smokies Tavern Msasani Village, Stud Barber and Msasani Beach Club. Others are Holiday Inn, MovenPeak (Royal Palm), Belinda Ocean Resort, White Sands Hotel, Protea Hotel(Court Yard ) and Apartments, New Africa Hotel, Kempinski Kilimanjaro Hotel and many other Hotels, Restaurants and Bars.
Social Service [ Nyumbani ] au
Rudi juu
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